After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The threat of tearing up a deal with the European Union is playing well with his party`s hard Brexiteers. And there is still three and a half months to go before 31 December, a trade deal with Brussels, meaning Mr Johnson could still compromise afterwards. UK officials are very keen to start technical work on most of the trade agreement on goods and services, for example. B service plans. “If we can`t start talking about legislation this week, it will be difficult to get all the work done in time,” said a British official. And former Chancellor Sajid Javid joined the ranks of potential rebels and said he did not understand why it was necessary to “preemptively abandon” the withdrawal agreement. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  The UK left the EU on 31 January after negotiating and signing the withdrawal agreement with the Bloc. He said the UK had signed the “finely balanced” withdrawal agreement in “good faith,” including the Northern Ireland Protocol, and was committed to meeting its commitments, including “light” controls on trade between Britain and Northern Ireland. An important part of the agreement – which is now an international treaty – was the Northern Ireland Protocol, which was designed to prevent a hard border from returning to the island of Ireland.
The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the main areas:  Mr Johnson threatened not to conclude a Brexit until October, when he met Leo Varadkar, then Prime Minister of Ireland, and suddenly reached an agreement on the treatment of Northern Ireland, opening the door to a wider deal with Brussels. This time, Mr Johnson adopted a similar strategy of brutality last year and threatened to leave the European Union without a withdrawal agreement, resulting in a similar, albeit more widespread, mutiny within his party. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)  which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. Professor Barnard said there were legal contradictions in the agreement regarding when tariffs should be imposed on goods to be shipped from Britain to Northern Ireland. But she said the agreement offered ways to solve these problems and that Britain had no right to change it unilaterally.